A burn is a kind of damage to a particular human skin that occurs due to direct exposure to high temperatures or chemicals. 

The severity of the trauma usually determined by the size of the area and the depth of the injury. 

The cause of a burn is the effect on an object or liquid's human tissue with a high temperature.

Burn symptoms

A burn's symptoms are reddening of the skin, burning, itching, blistering from dead skin, with a substantial degree - tissue necrosis, signs of charring. Also, the victim experiences painful sensations, fever, or chills are possible.


There is a classification of the severity of burns, dividing them into four degrees.

  • I degree. Painful sensations, redness in the area of ​​contact with a hot object or substance, swelling. It passes without the use of any medication in a few days. Recovery accompanied by slight itching and skin changes in the injured area.
  • II degree. Sharp, short-term, aching pain. Blisters remain on the skin, either hollow or filled with ichor. While maintaining the integrity of the injured skin that has formed a bubble, healing occurs within 2 weeks without scarring.
  • III degree. Injury to a large area of ​​the skin to the full depth. Death of tissues. After healing, a scar remains.
  • IV degree. Loss of consciousness or the onset of painful shock is possible. The skin is charred. Subcutaneous tissue, muscle tissue, bones are affected.

Treatment at Tel Aviv Medical Clinic

It believed that first and second-degree burns could be treated on their own. 

In any case, it is necessary to know the algorithm of first aid actions for wounds.

  • Stop exposure to the scalding factor. Remove clothing from the burnt area. It retains heat, but pieces of tissue adhering to the skin indicate that it is necessary to see a doctor. They cannot tear off. Wash off or wipe off the caustic substance that has come into contact with the skin with an absorbent cloth, remove the victim from a heat source, or open sunlight.
  • Cool down a place that has exposed to a hot object or burning liquid. Coldwater or a cooling compress will do. You can also use folk remedies: a cooling lotion made from raw grated potatoes. It is essential not to leave the compress on the affected area for more than 15 minutes: when heated, it will already warm, which can aggravate the condition of the skin.
  • Treat the burn site with a special agent to treat such damage. It is wise to have such drugs in your home medicine cabinet, especially if there are children in the house.

Third and fourth-degree burns require immediate medical attention. If there is a reason to suspect a third or fourth-degree burn, an ambulance must be called immediately. Before the doctor's arrival, the victim should give a large amount of drink, preferably alkaline mineral water. Cover the affected area with a clean, dry cloth, but do not press down on it.

Our clinic employs some of the best surgeons who have a vast medical practice and have all the necessary knowledge.