Diagnosis and treatment of cancer of the esophagus

Diagnosis and treatment of cancer of the esophagus

Cancer of the esophagus occupies the sixth place in the world in mortality from malignant tumors. The main signs of pathology are a pain in the throat and difficulty in swallowing. If neoplasms detected in the early stages, there is an excellent chance for a full recovery. The disease can occur at any age, but most often, it occurs in older people over 60 years of age.

The leading causes of cancer of the esophagus include:

  • abuse of cigarettes and alcohol;
  • burns and injuries of the esophagus;
  • improper nutrition (nitrates, pickled dishes);
  • gastroesophageal reflux (the process of the reverse movement of the contents of the stomach into the throat).

It should be noted that people who abuse cigarettes and alcohol are 35 times more likely to suffer from cancer of the esophagus.

Diagnostics

Seek medical help if the following symptoms appear:

  • vomiting;
  • bad breath, which is impossible to get rid of;
  • problems with swallowing, difficulty in passing food (over time dysphagia increases);
  • salivation;
  • chest pain;
  • loss of strength and fatigue;
  • cough caused by the spread of cancer to the bronchi and trachea.

If one or more symptoms appear, it recommended consulting a doctor immediately. The main methods for diagnosing cancer of the esophagus include:

  • Endoscopy with biopsy;
  • X-ray examination of the throat;
  • General and biochemical analysis of blood;
  • CT scan of the chest.

Treatment

Surgery has been and remains the most effective cancer treatment. But the choice of treatment largely depends on the stage of the disease, the general health of the patient, his age, the presence of joint ailments. Diagnostic laparoscopy allows you to get a complete picture of the condition.This diagnostic method will enable you to examine the patient's abdominal cavity without large incisions. Thanks to diagnostic laparoscopy, the nature of neoplasms and the number of affected areas are most accurately assessed. Also, such a study allows you to take tissue for research and prescribe the optimal treatment based on the data.

The volume and type of surgery depend on the size of the tumor and its location:

  • Transthoracic surgery or transthoracic esophagectomy performed if cancer located in the lower or middle thirds of the esophagus.
  • When prescribing advanced surgical treatment (complete removal of cancer of the throat), the removal of possible areas of metastasis (lymph nodes) performed.

Esophageal Cancer Treatment at Israel's Leading Clinic

Over more than ten years of operation, the Tel Aviv Medical Clinic has performed many successful surgeries to remove a tumor in the esophagus. Doctors at the medical center have all the necessary knowledge, the latest equipment, and practical experience to carry out complex operations.