Salivary gland cancer: symptoms, causes, treatment

Salivary gland cancer: symptoms, causes, treatment

Oncology of the salivary gland is a rare neoplasm that affects large, small organs responsible for saliva production. The dislocation of the pathological process in the oral cavity, oropharynx, and oral tissues. Depending on the tumor's location, the symptomatology and the nature of the treatment of the disease differ. A typical lesion area is the area of ​​the parotid, large glands. It occurs in eighty percent of cases. The condition diagnosed in patients of different gender, age. It rarely appears in young people under twenty years of age.

The reason for the formation of the neoplasm not precisely established. Minimal symptomatic manifestations complicate the ability to diagnose at an early stage.

Symptoms of oncology of the salivary glands

With the progression of the tumor process, patients note the development of the following symptoms: 

  • The quality of auditory function decreases due to the inflammatory process;
  • Speech function is impaired, it is difficult for the patient to chew food;
  • The facial muscles suffer from paralysis;
  • Mimic movements are complicated;
  • A pathological neoplasm of the salivary glands is felt when touching the skin;
  • The patient is concerned about the pain of the parotid region.

The disease characterized by hematogenous metastasis. Pathological foci spread through the body through the blood, affect internal organs. The primary zone of metastasis is pulmonary tissue. The development of secondary tumors in the lungs leads to the formation of characteristic symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath, blood cells in the saliva, during coughing;
  • Increased temperature;
  • Chronic feeling of tiredness, weakness.

Why does salivary gland cancer develop?

Some predisposing factors are capable of provoking the development of the oncological process of the salivary glands:

  • Lack of proper, healthy nutrition, eating foods with chemical additives, lack of vitamins;
  • The presence of the Epstein-Barr virus;
  • Long-term nicotine addiction;
  • A history of mumps;
  • Adverse environmental conditions;
  • The effect of radiation on the body;
  • Work related to wood processing, automotive, technical orientation;
  • Inflammatory salivary gland disease.

Treatment of salivary gland cancer at Tel Aviv Medical Clinic 

The multidisciplinary medical center in Israel provides comprehensive treatment and diagnostics of cancer of the salivary gland. The clinic uses the unique latest equipment, high-tech equipment.