A tumour of the thyroid gland is a malignant disease resulting from the abnormal division of epithelial cells. The thyroid gland is located on the front of a person's neck and plays a significant role in regulating metabolism and body growth. Pathological processes of the thyroid gland can be triggered by changes in endocrine function, inflammation, hormonal changes. That is why women are more susceptible to the disease. The tumour can form against the background of pregnancy, menopause, inflammatory processes, and an existing goiter. There are several types of thyroid cancer, distinguished by the structure and type of cells that have undergone the mutation:
- Follicular, characterized by the most favourable prognosis.
- Papillary, growing slowly and rarely metastatic.
- Anaplastic. They are accompanied by intensive growth and rapid proliferation into neighbouring organs.
- Medullary - malignant tumours that do not respond well to conservative treatment.
- Sarcomas, fibrosarcomas, lymphomas.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should immediately seek qualified help:
- Soreness on palpation of the thyroid gland.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Lack of air.
- Expansion of the lymph nodes.
- General weakness and malaise.
- Increased sweating.
- Weight loss.
- Perceptible lump on the neck.
- Pain when swallowing.
- A cough not associated with a cold.
If any signs appear, you should see a doctor, in no case self-medicating, so as not to miss the onset of a serious illness that requires a professional approach.
Diagnostics and treatment
Suspected cancer can cause an enlargement of the thyroid gland, which becomes bumpy, protrudes forward. To determine the exact type of pathology and assess the degree of growth, size and stage of the tumour, diagnostic measures are carried out. The most accurate result, on which the choice of treatment will depend, allows you to use high-tech, modern equipment, which is equipped with the Israeli multidisciplinary clinic Tel Aviv Medical Clinic. Our experienced specialists will carry out complex diagnostics using instrumental and laboratory research methods. Based on individual indicators, the most rational treatment plan will be assigned, which may include:
- Hormone therapy;
- Removal of the gland and lymph nodes;
- Treatment with radioactive iodine.