Von Hippel–Lindau disease

Von Hippel–Lindau disease

Hippel-Lindau disease belongs to the group of rare, hereditary, progressive disorders that are observed at an early age. A genetic abnormality occurring on the background of chromosome mutations is characterized by multiple lesions of tumour processes in several organs. Mostly, neoplasms are localized in the retina, affecting the brain and spinal cord, kidneys and pancreas. 

The main syndrome of Hippel-Lindau disease is a violation of the eye capillaries, the accumulation of fluid in them, and as a result, retinal detachment and blindness. The first symptoms of the disease are visual disturbances. As tumours grow and depending on their location, these signs of the disease appear:

  • Impaired visual function.
  • Nebula and image distortion.
  • Weakness.
  • Increased arterial and intracranial pressure.
  • Headaches and dizziness.
  • Frequent nausea.
  • Noise in ears.
  • Swallowing disorder.

Diagnostics

The diagnosis of the disease itself is made based on an ophthalmological and neurological examination. The treatment of pathology is based on the elimination of neoplasms. In an Israeli clinic Tel Aviv Medical Clinic, families from different countries seek medical help in the hope of eliminating the tumour and preserving the visual function of the patient. The earlier the pathology was discovered, the greater the chance of a favourable result.

For diagnostic accuracy, the clinic uses ophthalmoscopy using innovative technologies to achieve the most detailed informational content. Our clinic is equipped with special, advanced equipment. The department employs highly qualified doctors with the necessary experience and knowledge to preserve the patient’s vision. This can be achieved using progressive techniques that remove the tumour and preserve the eyes. Tel Aviv Medical Clinic provides a full range of quality services at tariffs identical to those of state hospitals. Our staff helps contact charitable foundations to provide financial support to families who cannot afford treatment.

Treatment

As long as the tumours are small and do not cause any symptoms, it is only possible to track them. Surgical excision of hemangioblastoma is indicated in cases where the tumour has distinct symptoms and is operable. If the size of the neoplasm does not exceed 3 cm, you can resort to radiation therapy. If a tumour is detected in the retina, immediate laser coagulation or cryotherapy is recommended.